In the center of the 17th century, the king of France, Louis XIV, preferred a really grand type of interior. Furniture was heavy and finishings were picky. Gilding was everywhere – on doorways, furniture, mouldings – but more decoration was added with boule marquetry on furniture, (using tortoiseshell and brass) and detailed works of art on ceilings.
Panels were created and colored, plaster covings imitated fabric swags, huge Aubusson tapestries hung in the walls, tiles were created from wealthy marble and geometric parquet was found around the floors. This very elaborate style clearly reflected the type of king Louis XIV was – a complete monarch who ruled for more than 72 years, through many major wars. France was the key power in Europe and also the king’s castles as well as their interiors demonstrated this.
Noisy . 1700s Louis XV or even more likely, his gifted and cultured mistress, Madame de Pompadour, sculpted this heavier style into something significantly more delicate and female, presenting probably the most French of attributes – the bend. From 1723 – 1760 these curves required on the rather frivolous manner that belongs to them inducing the style known as Rococo, where symmetry was lost and nature required over as branches, leaves, icicles and waterfalls were the preferred decorative motifs.
This era saw the development of many furniture pieces which exist in modern homes today – the console table, fauteuils (open armed chairs) and also the chaise longue. Today’s passion for exuberant wallpapers of Indian and Chinese design were just like up-to-the-minute in those days -though commodes were even the height of favor.
When the brand new king Louis arrived, direction altered again and also the wild, silly curves from the Rococo were substituted for the elegant and formal lines of neo-Classicism. Pompeii and Hurculaneum have been excavated earlier within the century and also the appreciation for traditional Roman and Greek artefacts was reflected within the exterior and interior styles.
The classical arch grew to become popular again, panel mouldings were simplified and walls were plain plaster or just colored in neutral colours, for example gray. Symmetry found its place again and ornamental devices originated from classical figures, swags, garlands, laurel wreaths and urns.